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Roald Amundsen was a Norwegian explorer who focused on the poles.He led the first expedition to reach the South Pole and the first that could prove it made it to the North Pole.Amundsen was also the first … Amundsen reached the South Pole on December 14, 1911, beating an expedition led by Captian Scott. He kept his plans to head south very secret - he had originally planned to head north, but upon hearing that the North Pole had been reached, changed his mission. Then, he vanished without a trace. Scott’s frozen body was found later that year. The Last Viking: Roald Amundsen, One of the Greatest Explorers of all Time The first person to reach the South Pole lived an extraordinary life, now highlighted in a thrilling literary biography. On December 14, 1911, Amundsen’s expedition won the race to the Pole and returned safely to base camp in late January. 'The South Pole' is an account by Roald Amundsen of his expedition to the Antarctic in 1910-12. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Exploration infuses everything we do at Viking River Cruises and so we celebrate this accomplishment of courage, determination and careful planning. George Washington was born in 1732 to a farm family in Westmoreland County, Virginia. His trip was a success partly because their base was almost 100 km closer to the pole than Scott’s. His career of adventure began at the age of 15, originally studying medicine, but dropping out to go to sea where he soon moved his way up to the rank of mate. The ship is specially constructed for voyages in polar waters. He is best remembered for leading the Antarctic expedition to become the first men to reach the South Pole in December 1911. Norwegian Roald Amundsen becomes the first explorer to reach the South Pole, beating his British rival, Robert Falcon Scott. Scott had not beaten them to the prize. On December 14, 2011, the South Pole is a slightly more hospitable place than the “vast plain of the same character in every direction” that Roald Amundsen reached 100 years ago. Norwegian Roald Amundsen becomes the first explorer to reach the South Pole, beating his British rival, Robert Falcon Scott. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Amundsen completed his preparations and in June 1910 sailed instead for Antarctica, where the English explorer Robert F. Scott was also headed with the aim of reaching the South Pole. In 1928, Amundsen lost his life while trying to rescue a fellow explorer whose dirigible had crashed at sea near Spitsbergen, Norway. Norwegians led by Roald Amundsen arrived in Antarctica's Bay of Whales on January 14, 1911. He later made attempts to become the first explorer to fly over the North Pole. This expedition, led by Adrien de Gerlache using the ship the RV Belgica, became the first expedition to overwinter in Antarctica. The expedition, and particularly the dog-sled journey to the Pole, is described as daring and with an … Directed by Espen Sandberg. The ship was left to decay in storage from 1912 until the late 1920s, when Lars Christensen, Otto Sverdrup and Oscar Wisting initiated efforts … As a mate on the Belgica expedition of 1897, the first one to winter over on Antarctica, Amundsen gained invaluable experience with skis, sleds, and sled dogs. READ MORE: The Treacherous Race to the South Pole. Roald Amundsen (July 16, 1872-June 22, 1928) was a Norwegian polar explorer who was the first person to fly over the North Pole in a dirigible (May 11-13, 1926) and was the first person to reach the South Pole. Amundsen, born in Borge, near Oslo, in 1872, was one of the great figures in polar exploration. And Roald Amundsen learned a lot from his problems and shocks to improve his future efforts and then he became very adaptable. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. Roald Amundsen was a respected Norwegian explorer who was determined to beat the British expedition and be the first to reach the South Pole. Finally, the five explorers pitched a tent — Polheim, or “home at the Pole” — at 90°S. Explorer. In 1897, he was first mate on a Belgian expedition that was the first ever to winter in the Antarctic. What year did Roald Amundsen reach the South Pole? Since then, most of that brick has been buried under asphalt, but one yard remains ...read more, In a public exchange of letters with South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem, President John F. Kennedy formally announces that the United States will increase aid to South Vietnam, which would include the expansion of the U.S. troop commitment. The Norwegian explorer had been locked in a thrilling race with British explorer, Robert F. Scott, to the planet's most-southerly point for months and announced his achievement after safely arriving in Hobart, … German physicist Max Planck publishes his groundbreaking study of the effect of radiation on a “blackbody” substance, and the quantum theory of modern physics is born. Millions of Americans did, however, make it through the film that made a ...read more. The Sandy Hook shooting was, at the time, the ...read more, On December 14, 1909, workers place the last of the 3.2 million 10-pound bricks that pave the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana (a town surrounded by the city of Indianapolis). He didn’t … He was 67 years old. With Pål Sverre Hagen, Christian Rubeck, Katherine Waterston, Trond Espen Seim. On January 18, 1912, they reached the pole only to find that Amundsen had preceded them by over a month. Roald Amundsen, in full Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen, (born July 16, 1872, Borge, near Oslo, Norway—died June 18, 1928?, Arctic Ocean), Norwegian explorer who was the first to reach the South Pole, the first to make a ship voyage through the Northwest Passage, and one of the first to cross the Arctic by air. Weather on the return journey was exceptionally bad—two members perished—and a storm later trapped Scott and the other two survivors in their tent only 11 miles from their base camp. From there Amundsen and his crew sailed straight to the Bay of Whales, Antarctica. Captain Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen at the South pole under the Norwegian flag. He and four others arrived at the pole on 14 December 1911, five weeks ahead of a British party led by Robert Falcon Scott as part of the Terra Nova Expedition. Roald Amundsen The Quest for the South Pole, ages 9-12 The Amundsen Photographs discovered in 1986, pictures from three of Amundsen's voyages Roald Amundsen Explores the South Pole ages 7-10. At one point on his way to the South Pole, Roald Amundsen encountered problems with one of his men. But Amundsen immediately bore south, in secret for Madeira, off the coast of northwest Africa. The crew endured a winter for which they were poorly prepared. The pardon was one of the first under Lincoln’s Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction, which he had announced less than a ...read more, On December 14, 1939, the League of Nations, the international peacekeeping organization formed at the end of World War I, expels the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in response to the Soviets’ invasion of Finland on November 30. He led the first expedition to reach the South Pole and was the first person to visit both the North and South Pole. He did all he planned in a most efficient method using dogs to pull sleds and clothing more in tune what the native people of the far north would wear. Amundsen and his team returned safely to their base, and later heard that Scott and his four companions had died on their return journey. On December 14, 1911, Amundsen’s team arrived in the general vicinity of the South Pole, then spent three days skiing throughout the area, trying to calculate the South Pole’s precise location. Roald Amundsen Became The First Man To Reach Both Poles — Then He Vanished After he won the race to the South Pole, he became the first man to reach the North Pole. Roald Amundsen, born in 1872 near Oslo, Norway, left his mark on the Heroic Era as one of the most successful polar explorers ever born. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. On 14 December 1911, Roald Amundsen (1872–1928) and his Norwegian team became the first humans to reach the South Pole, a month before their ill-fated British rivals under the leadership of Robert Falcon Scott. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. His first direct military ...read more, On December 14, 2012, at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, Adam Lanza kills 20 first graders and six school employees before turning a gun on himself. They erected a small tent and placed inside it a letter to the King of Norway asking Scott to send it, the party was: "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Wikimedia Commons Roald Amundsen after his South Pole expedition. After rounding up three other men to help him surprise the ...read more, President Abraham Lincoln announces a grant of amnesty for Emilie Todd Helm, his wife Mary Lincoln’s half sister and the widow of a Confederate general. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Roald Amundsen and his team became the first people to reach the South Pole on December 14, 1911. Roald Amundsen and his 4-man team reached the South Pole, with the help of polar dogs, on 14 December 1911. Named after the first man to cross Antarctica and reach the South Pole, MS Roald Amundsen leads the way towards an even more sustainable way of traveling. A botched burglary attempt further clouds one of the earliest kidnap-for-ransom cases. Amundsen wasn’t originally going to be an explorer. The first expedition to reach the geographic South Pole was led by the Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen. Amundsen set out with 4 companions, 52 dogs, and 4 sledges on Oct. 19, 1911, and, after encountering exceptionally good weather, arrived at the South Pole on December 14, 1911. In June, 1910, Amundsen set sail from Norway aboard his ship, Fram, ostensibly to head for the North Pole. It serves as a comfortable base camp at sea – bringing adventurers from all over the world to the most … Fram was used by Roald Amundsen in his southern polar expedition from 1910 to 1912, the first to reach the South Pole, during which Fram reached 78° 41' S. Preservation of Fram. The first man to reach the South Pole, Norwegian Roald Amundsen explored both the Arctic and the Antarctic. In early 1911, Amundsen sailed his ship into Antarctica’s Bay of Whales and set up base camp 60 miles closer to the pole than Scott. 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